Pythonic Paradox: Dancing with @classmethod and @staticmethod

Pythonic Paradox: Dancing with @classmethod and @staticmethod

Decoding the Class Act – Unveiling the Magic Behind Python's Meta-Methods


In Python, both classmethod and staticmethod are used to define methods that are bound to a class rather than an instance. However, they serve different purposes.

  1. @classmethod: This decorator is used to define a method that takes the class itself as its first argument. Conventionally, the first parameter is named cls. It can be used to create class-specific methods that have access to the class itself, allowing them to modify class state or create instances of that class.

     class MyClass:
         class_variable = "class_variable"
         def class_method(cls):
             print(f"Accessing class variable: {cls.class_variable}")
     # Call the class method
  2. @staticmethod: This decorator is used to define a method that does not take the class or instance as its first parameter. It behaves like a regular function but is included in a class for organizational purposes. It cannot access or modify class state.

     class MyClass:
         def static_method():
             print("This is a static method")
     # Call the static method

    Summary table

First Parametercls (class itself)None (neither class nor instance)
Access to Class StateYesNo
Access to Instance StateNoNo
Example UsageDefining methods that modify classOrganizing utility functions within
state or create instancesa class without access to instance
or class state


In summary, use @classmethod when you need access to the class itself within the method, and use @staticmethod when you don't need access to either the instance or the class.

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